Home >NewS >Entacapone (CAS No.130929-57-6) Uses: A Comprehensive Guide
Entacapone (CAS No.130929-57-6) Uses: A Comprehensive Guide
entacapone uses

Entacapone, identified by its CAS No.130929-57-6, is a medication with a specific and crucial role in the management of Parkinson's disease. It is part of a class of drugs known as COMT inhibitors, which work in conjunction with other Parkinson's medications to improve the effectiveness and duration of their action. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the various uses, mechanisms of action, dosages, potential side effects, and the significance of entacapone in the treatment of Parkinson's disease.

Understanding Parkinson's Disease:

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects movement. It is characterized by the progressive loss of dopamine-producing nerve cells in the brain, particularly in an area called the substantia nigra. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that plays a critical role in regulating motor control, mood, and various other functions.

The hallmark symptoms of Parkinson's disease include:

  1. Tremors: Involuntary shaking of the hands, arms, legs, jaw, or head.
  2. Bradykinesia: Slowness of movement, making simple tasks challenging.
  3. Rigidity: Stiffness of the limbs and trunk, leading to muscle aches and limited range of motion.
  4. Postural Instability: Difficulty with balance and coordination, which can lead to falls.
  5. Changes in Speech: Reduced volume and clarity of speech.
  6. Autonomic Symptoms: Issues with blood pressure, digestion, and other involuntary bodily functions.
  7. Non-Motor Symptoms: Including depression, sleep disturbances, and cognitive changes.

Managing Parkinson's disease involves addressing these symptoms and improving the quality of life for affected individuals. Medications are a key component of treatment, and entacapone is one such medication used to optimize the effects of other Parkinson's drugs.

The Role of Entacapone in Parkinson's Treatment:

Entacapone is classified as a COMT inhibitor, which stands for catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitor. Its primary function is to enhance the effectiveness of levodopa, a fundamental medication in Parkinson's disease treatment. Levodopa is converted into dopamine in the brain, replacing the dopamine lost due to the disease. However, much of the levodopa is broken down before it can reach the brain. This is where entacapone comes into play.

Mechanism of Action:

Entacapone works by inhibiting the activity of the enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT). COMT is responsible for breaking down levodopa in the peripheral nervous system (outside the brain). By inhibiting COMT, entacapone helps more levodopa reach the brain, where it can be converted into dopamine and improve motor function.

In essence, entacapone prolongs the action of levodopa, allowing individuals with Parkinson's disease to experience more consistent relief from their symptoms.

Usage and Dosage:

Entacapone is typically used in combination with other Parkinson's disease medications, including levodopa and a dopamine agonist (e.g., pramipexole or ropinirole). This combination is often referred to as "stalevo."

The dosage of entacapone can vary depending on the specific needs and response of the patient. However, a common dosing regimen involves taking one entacapone tablet with each dose of levodopa/carbidopa. For example, if a patient takes levodopa/carbidopa three times a day, they would also take entacapone three times a day.

The precise dosages and frequency should be determined by a healthcare provider, who will tailor the treatment to the individual's condition and needs.

Benefits and Efficacy:

Entacapone offers several benefits in the management of Parkinson's disease:

  1. Enhanced Levodopa Effectiveness: By inhibiting COMT, entacapone allows more levodopa to reach the brain. This leads to improved control of motor symptoms and reduced fluctuations in symptom severity throughout the day.

  2. Extended Duration of Action: Entacapone helps levodopa maintain its effectiveness over a more extended period. This means that individuals with Parkinson's disease experience fewer "off" periods, where their symptoms worsen between medication doses.

  3. Improved Quality of Life: The reduction in motor fluctuations and "off" periods can significantly enhance the quality of life for individuals with Parkinson's disease, enabling them to engage in daily activities with greater ease and comfort.

  4. Reduction in Levodopa Dosage: In some cases, the addition of entacapone may allow for a reduction in the overall dosage of levodopa needed to achieve symptom control. This can help mitigate potential side effects associated with higher levodopa doses.

Possible Side Effects and Considerations:

Like all medications, entacapone is associated with potential side effects. While many people tolerate it well, others may experience adverse reactions, including:

  1. Gastrointestinal Symptoms: Common side effects include diarrhea, nausea, and abdominal pain. These symptoms are generally mild to moderate in intensity and often improve with continued use.

  2. Discoloration of Urine: Entacapone may cause a harmless discoloration of urine, turning it brownish-orange. This change in urine color is not a cause for concern and does not indicate any underlying health issue.

  3. Orthostatic Hypotension: Some individuals may experience a drop in blood pressure upon standing (orthostatic hypotension). This can lead to dizziness or fainting and may require adjustments in medication or lifestyle changes.

  4. Psychiatric Symptoms: In rare cases, entacapone use has been associated with psychiatric symptoms such as hallucinations or confusion. Individuals and their caregivers should be vigilant for any unusual changes in behavior or mood and report them to a healthcare provider promptly.

  5. Liver Function: Entacapone may affect liver function in some individuals. Regular monitoring of liver enzymes is recommended during treatment.

It's essential for individuals taking entacapone to communicate any side effects or concerns with their healthcare provider. Adjustments in dosage or the addition of other medications may help manage side effects and optimize treatment outcomes.


Entacapone (CAS No. 130929-57-6) plays a vital role in the management of Parkinson's disease, particularly in enhancing the effectiveness of levodopa therapy. By inhibiting the enzyme COMT, entacapone allows more levodopa to reach the brain, resulting in improved motor function and a reduction in symptom fluctuations. While entacapone can be highly beneficial, it is essential for individuals with Parkinson's disease to work closely with their healthcare providers to determine the most appropriate treatment plan, including the use of entacapone, dosage adjustments, and monitoring for potential side effects. With the right approach, the addition of entacapone can significantly enhance the quality of life for those living with Parkinson's disease.

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